Resolution 1373: The United Nations Counter-Terrorism Committee

UN  The tragic events of September 11, 2001, in which the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda launched a series of 4 coordinated attacks against the United States, quickly led to comprehensive counter-terrorism efforts throughout the world. Within the United Nations Security Council, discussion of the response to those horrific events that took the lives of over 3000 people led to a drastic change in international law, through the implementation of Security Council Resolution 1373 – a measure that was adopted unanimously on September 28, 2001. Whereas in the past, a global law became valid only when the prospective states voluntarily signed an international agreement, in this case the Security Council “imposed” the dictates of the resolution on all member states of the United Nations. Although the United States is known to have been the nation that introduced Resolution 1373, there is no record of the meeting that led to its passage or the specific individuals responsible for bringing it to fruition. Calling upon the provisions laid out in previous UN resolutions that emboldened the sharing of intelligence information, it addressed the need to more effectively combat the rising prevalence of transnational violence in the world. To closely monitor worldwide progress of the measures established under the new resolution, the United Nations also created a Counter-Terrorism Committee (CTC), which is comprised of all 15 Security Council member nations.

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The Counter-Terrorism Committee Falls Under the Direction of the United Nations Security Council (click for larger photo)
Photo credit: Patrick Gruban / Foter.com / CC BY-SA

The Counter-Terrorism Committee has the directive “to bolster the ability of United Nations Member States to prevent terrorist acts both within their borders and across regions.” As a means of assisting the committee in its efforts to implement Resolution 1373, in 2005 the United Nations Security Council established the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (CTED), which consists of 40 staff members that advise the CTC about international efforts concerning the legislative progress in specific nations to promote counter-terrorism efforts, the financing of terrorist groups, law enforcement efforts to control transnational violence, international arms trafficking, and refugee and migration law as it pertains to the  geographic movement of terrorist groups. The role of CTED is specifically intended to provide closer cooperation and synchronization concerning counter-terrorism efforts within the United Nations and between countries or regional organizations. The CTC is largely responsible for promoting and enforcing the measures of Resolution 1373 that call for criminalizing any form of assistance to organized terrorist groups, denying safe haven or financial backing for transnational violence, and the sharing of intelligence information about organizations intending to commit terroristic attacks. More specifically, member countries of the United Nations are expected to:

  • Criminalize the financing of terrorism
  • Freeze without delay any funds related to persons involved in acts of terrorism
  • Deny all forms of financial support for terrorist groups
  • Suppress the provision of safe haven, sustenance or support for terrorists
  • Share information with other governments on any groups practicing or planning           terrorist acts
  • Cooperate with other governments in the investigation, detection, arrest, extradition and prosecution of those involved in such acts
  • Criminalize active and passive assistance for terrorism in domestic law and bring violators to justice.

Resolution 1373 also calls upon all UN Member States to subscribe, “as soon as possible,” to the 16 “relevant counter-terrorism legal instruments” that are listed and described at the CTC website. The three most recent of these “instruments” refer to very specific types of terrorism: the International Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings (1997), the International Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism (1999), and the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (2005). Two-thirds of the 193 UN Member States have approved or assented to the existence of at least 10 these 16 legal instruments within their sovereign boundaries.

From October of 2001 until July of 2003, the Counter-Terrorism Committee fell under the leadership of Jeremy Greenstock of Great Britain, who was also the British Ambassador to the United Nations from 1998 until 2003. He was a logical selection as the first Chairman for the CTC, due to his heavy involvement with the UN Security Council. Under his direction, the CTC moved forward with great patience and insightfulness to implement measures that had become vitally important in the aftermath of the 911 tragedy. Other former chairpersons of the committee include Inocencio F. Arias of Spain, Andrey I. Denisov of Russia, Mirjana Mladineo of Croatia, and Ertuğrul Apakan from Turkey. The reins of this important UN committee are now in the capable hands of Mohammed Loulichki, who has been the permanent Representative for the Kingdom of Morocco to the United Nations since 2008. Prior to assuming the chairmanship of the Counter-Terrorism Committee, he also served as its vice-chairman and has a considerable reputation in the United Nations for his efforts concerning human rights, especially as the facilitator of the review process concerning the status of the Human Rights Council (2010-2011).

Mohammed Loulichki

Mohammed Loulichki
Present Chairperson of the UN Counter-Terrorism Committee

For worldwide efforts in combatting terrorism to succeed, it is important that all nations are united in that effort, and that the necessary resources are made available. The Counter-Terrorism Committee strives to make this a reality through the following “working methods” that are outlined at the website:

  • Country visits – at their request, to monitor progress, as well as to evaluate the nature and level of technical assistance a given country may need in order to implement resolution 1373 (2001);
  • Technical assistance – to help connect countries to available technical, financial, regulatory and legislative assistance programs, as well as to potential donors;
  • Country reports – to provide a comprehensive snapshot of the counter-terrorism situation in each country and serve as a tool for dialogue between the Committee and Member States;
  • Best practices – to encourage countries to apply known best practices, codes and standards, taking into account their own circumstances and needs; and
  • Special meetings – to develop closer ties with relevant international, regional and sub-regional organizations, and to help avoid duplication of effort and waste of resources through better coordination.

This website earnestly salutes the efforts of this very important committee within the organization of the United Nations. Through such proactive programs, the human race will hopefully one day live on a planet free of radical transnational violence. Though this might be a dream relegated to some future generation, it should definitely be the subject and goal of diligent work today. Please remember to support this optimistic vision of the world by clicking on the link below and signing the petition to which this website is dedicated. Show your dedication to nonviolence and peace!

You can help promote the establishment of a monument dedicated to all American victims of terrorism, whether they died at home or abroad, by clicking the link above and signing the petition. Nothing is asked but your signature for a good cause.

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The Veterans Memorial Gold Star Healing and Peace Garden

Star   Like all mothers who have lost a loved one during military conflict, Cher Kondor struggled to find a means of emotional catharsis in the midst of her sorrow. Killed by an improvised explosive device (IED), her son, Army SPC Martin Kondor, became a casualty of the Iraq War on April 29, 2004 – and his death served as the inspiration behind a unique monument known as the Veterans Memorial Gold Star Healing & Peace Garden, located in York City, Pennsylvania. Constructed for the initial cost of $750,000, the garden honors the memory of Pennsylvania’s war dead, especially those lost to the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Realization of the memorial came about in large degree from the efforts of Ms. Condor, who remembers hugging her son for the last time at the Philadelphia International Airport in January of 2004. Posthumously awarded the Bronze Star and the Purple Heart, Martin Kondor enlisted in the Army on his 18th birthday, not even 2 months after the infamous attacks of 911. “We have been attacked on our sovereign soil. I’m going to do some­thing about it,” he told his parents and younger brother as they sat at the dining room table. Martin Kondor died while manning a machine gun in a convoy, when his armored vehicle hit a roadside bomb and exploded.

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ALL PHOTOS: Veterans Memorial Gold Star Healing and Peace Garden located in York, PA (2012 Photos, S. H. Smith)

In an effort to cope with her grief, Kondor joined the American Gold Star Mothers, an organization formed in 1928 by women that had lost a son or daughter in World War I. Eventually assuming the office of Secretary for the Greater Harrisburg Chapter of Gold Star Moth­ers, she found solace in the company of other mothers who had buried loved ones that had died in the war. Forging ahead with her idea to build a peace garden, the kickoff for the construction of the memorial, described as “a memorial arboretum particularly dedicated to our intrepid sons and daughters now fighting the war on terror,” occurred at Murphy and Dittenhafer Architects in York City on November 22, 2011. Work began in January of 2012 by ripping up a parking lot, and the dedication occurred exactly on schedule with a ceremony held on June 9, 2012.

The completed memorial is beautiful, including symbolism that involves meditative areas that have been designated with a color. The different areas are planted with appropriately colored fauna to represent core values of those that served in the U. S. Armed Services. As outlined at the website, these colors include:

  • Red represents Courage. Flowers include: Paprika Yarrow, Autumn Joy Sedum, Phlox “Scarlet Flame”, ”Limerock Ruby” Tickseed, Firepower Nandina, Japanese Blood Grass, Min Toy Daylily
  • Orange represents Duty & Service. Flowers include: Lowboy Pyracantha, Sundown Coneflower, Tuscawilla Tigress Daylily, Butterfly Weed, Red Hot Poker, Orange Summer Phlox
  • Yellow represents Remembrance. Flowers include: Gold Splash Euonymus, Golden Mop False Cypress, Golden Japanese Barberry, Carolina Moonlight False Indigo, Sun Power Hosta, “Lemon Silver” Evening Primrose, Bowies Golden Sedge, “Moonbeam” Tickseed
  • Green represents Healing. Flowers include: Lady’s Mantle, Silver Variegated Sedge, Lime Rickey Coral Bells, Goldmound Spiraea, Plantain Lily, Martin’s Spurge, Scotch Moss, Bright Edge Yucca, Limelight Hydrangea
  • Blue represents Fidelity. Flowers include: Blue Star Juniper, Rozanne Geranium, Blue Mist Spiraea, Blue Cadet Hosta, Spiderwort, Speedwell, False Indigo, Blue Star, Blue Fescue
  • Purple represents Valor. Flowers include: New York Aster, Crimson Pygmy Barberry, Greyfeather, Dwarf Russian Sage, May Night Salvia, Black Mondo Grass, Catmint, Dwarf Beautyberry
  • White represents Honor
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Click for Larger Map

As a “living memorial” to those that have sacrificed their lives in the war against terrorism, the design of the garden brings these characteristics to life, around a central plaza that is in the shape of a star. A fountain, intended to symbolize never-ending hope and life, bubbles vibrantly in the midst of this plaza – while a black granite Wall of Honor, designed to resemble the Vietnam War Memorial, is inscribed with the names of those from Pennsylvania that have fallen in the war against terror. Another separate wall, located at the front of the garden, lists the names of those from York County, Pennsylvania that have fallen in battle since the inception of the Gold Star Mothers in 1928.

It is fitting and appropriate to honor those that have fallen in battle to preserve our country and protect against the dangers of terrorism. As the inscription states, “war made them soldiers, their actions made them heroes. Consider the Gold Star Garden as we honor those who serve and those who made the ultimate sacrifice in the War on Terror.” Bricks and benches can be ordered for placement at the garden in recognition of military personnel, and the Gold Star Mothers are accepting donations to help pay for the remaining cost of the memorial’s construction. However, recognition of the war on terror should move beyond the names of soldiers that have died on the battlefield, to include the names of the victims for whom the war has been waged in the first place. The Veterans Memorial Gold Star Healing and Peace Garden is a very fitting example of a monument that could be dedicated to those victims that have died innocently and tragically throughout the world. You can help bring such a memorial to reality by clicking the link below and signing the petition.

You can help promote the establishment of a monument dedicated to all American victims of terrorism, whether they died at home or abroad, by clicking the link above and signing the petition. Nothing is asked but your signature for a good cause.

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