The USS Cole Memorial: “10/12 Happened Before 9/11”

HatSince the end of World War II, the United States has taken on an increasingly more pervasive military presence in the world, with approximately 172,966 active duty personnel serving outside the United States and its territories as of December, 2012. This figure does not include non-military employees contracted with the U. S. Armed Forces at the hundreds of military and diplomatic facilities located around the globe in approximately 150 different countries. Although many of these active duty enlistees are involved in combat duty, others are deployed as part of peacekeeping missions, military attachés, or security units for embassies and consulates situated peacefully in countries that are on mutually good terms with the United States. On any given day, each and every one of those that are stationed overseas are a potential target for terrorists – and this is not just true for U. S. military personnel, but for the forces of any nation that could become the target of radically motivated violence that does not honor the normal conventions and standards of international cooperation. In fact, U. S. military personnel and those civilians contracted by the military around the world have many times been the victims of transnational violence – and in some cases those attacks have taken on the aura of historical infamy.


A Plaque Describes the Events of the Attack – Click to Read

Not quite one year prior to the horrific events of 911, an atrocity against the United States Navy foreshadowed the diabolical notoriety al Qaeda would claim in worldwide terrorism. On October 12, 2000 the guided-missile destroyer USS Cole lay anchored in Aden, Yemen for the routine purpose of refueling – which required the complete mooring of the ship early that morning. At about 11:18AM, a small craft rapidly approached the Cole from the port side, exploding against the hull of the military vessel just where the galley is located – detonating explosives that had been molded into a shaped charge on the exterior of the smaller attacking boat. Inside the galley, crew members of the Cole were lining up to receive lunch, unsuspecting of the imminent explosion – which was carried out as a suicide mission by 2 al Qaeda operatives who stood at attention and saluted Cole sailors during the final seconds of their lives. The blast killed 17 sailors and wounded another 39, who were transported by means of MEDEVAC to a French military hospital located in Djibouti, a country located in the Horn of Africa – from where they were later moved to Germany. Heavily damaged with a gaping hole on the port side, the USS Cole was eventually “hauled” to Pascagoula, Mississippi by a gigantic Norwegian salvage ship named the Blue Marlin. Repaired and upgraded, the fighting ship eventually returned to full active duty in April of 2002.

Carefully planned and orchestrated by al Qaeda, the suicide bombing of the Cole involved radical Islamists who would later take active roles in the 911 hijackings, the Ft. Hood shootings, and the attempted underwear bombing of Northwest Airlines Flight 253. At a summit of al Qaeda high-level leaders held in the Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from January 5, 2000 to January 8, 2000, the attack upon the Cole received specific attention, as did the infamous plans for the World Trade Center that would eventually become known as 911. Leaders within the al Qaeda organization took great pride in the results of the suicide bombing, with Al-Jazeera even broadcasting a clip of Osama bin Laden self-righteously reading a poem in which he proclaimed “In Aden, the young man stood up for holy war and destroyed a destroyer feared by the powerful.” In another sign of al Qaeda’s role in the event, a video that circulated through the internet showed Taliban recruits in Afghanistan singing “We thank God for granting us victory the day we destroyed Cole in the sea.” The infamous attack was obviously the well-planned work of al Qaeda, and they were not the least bit afraid to make it known worldwide. In the years that have intervened since the bombing of the Cole, the oft heard phrase by many in the Navy has been “10/12 happened before 9/11.”


The USS Cole Memorial Consists of 3 Monoliths

The Navy chose a strategic spot for the location of a memorial dedicated to those that perished in an act of violence obviously committed by al Qaeda, at a site overlooking the berth of the USS Cole – near the Norfolk Naval Station on the Elizabeth River in Virginia. Dedicated on October 12, 2001, the memorial is also very close to the USS Wisconsin, a World War II Iowa-class battleship open to the public for viewing as part of Nauticus, an interactive science and technology park. Frequently viewed by those who are also interested in the experience of Nauticus, the monument consists of 3 ten foot tall monoliths made of granite – each with a top that slopes in a 45 degree angle, intended to convey a symbolic salute to passing ships in Willoughby Bay. Two brass plaques attached to the monoliths list the names of those that died in the attack, while a third communicates the words “in lasting tribute to their honor, courage and commitment.” Brown markers that encircle the monoliths represent the darkness and anguish that pervaded the USS Cole that day, whereas an additional touch makes the memorial somewhat unique when it comes to monuments that recognize the victims of terrorism – involving the 28 black pine trees that are intended to not only remember the 17 sailors that died, but also their 11 surviving children.

The USS Cole Memorial subtlety communicates a sometimes forgotten but important detail concerning transnational violence, and it is one that is aptly represented in the 11 trees that were planted for the victims’ children. Incidents of terror are far too frequent in the world, but the story only begins with the actual event of violence. Left grossly unstated after senseless acts of terrorism are the stories of those that live on as the survivors, struggling in the face of psychological scars – clutching their next of kin, and finding the will to live on in spite of heavy grief. This is perhaps the more significant story in any terrorist act – with no intention of implying that the person who has been cheated of life is trivial. But the courage of any one these individuals, in whatever manner they have managed to muster the internal fortitude to conquer the aftermath of terrorism, is a story perhaps best chronicled in an epic novel of courage. It is right and just that those affected should see their family member honored by a monument, so join us in signing the petition to which this web site is dedicated. Your signature can make it happen!

You can help promote the establishment of a monument dedicated to all American victims of terrorism, whether they died at home or abroad, by clicking the link above and signing the petition. Nothing is asked but your signature for a good cause.

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Service Above Self: The Rotary Club International

SmilePaul Percy Harris was a Chicago attorney who had a personal vision to make the humility evident in community service part of the mainstream business world. Born in Racine, Wisconsin on April 19, 1868, he moved to Vermont with his family at the age of 3 – eventually attending Princeton University, the University of Vermont, and the University of Iowa. Before taking up his career as a lawyer, Harris first became involved in work as a reporter for a newspaper, an actor and cowboy, a hired hand on cattle ships bound for Europe, and farm laborer. Finally taking up residence in Chicago, he started a law practice in 1896 – coming up with the idea for the Rotary Club very soon after taking his first patrons. The initial formation of the Rotary Club occurred in 1905 when Harris joined with his clients Silvester Schele, Gustavus Loehr, and Hiram Shorey for the purpose of organizing a club of professional business men interested in finding friendship and fellowship. However, he soon came to realize that the mission of the Rotary Club should bear a greater purpose, specifically in the realm of international goodwill and world peace. A spiritually aware man, Harris envisioned service as the catalyst that could cure the world’s preoccupation with hatred, violence, and war.


Rotary Club Meetings Occur Around the World
Photo credit: vk2gwk – Henk T / Foter / CC BY-NC-SA

The very first service project conducted by the Rotary Club came in 1907, when the organization sponsored the construction of public toilets in Chicago. Since then, the Rotary Club has expanded to include 34,282 clubs and over 1.2 million members worldwide – and as one the world’s first service organizations, it has always lived by the principles of its founder, who insisted the world would judge its success based on “the results it achieves.” Placing “service above self,” Rotarians around the globe have banded together in a spirit of service “to solve some of our world’s most challenging problems.” Although it weathered a tough time during World War II, when clubs in Germany, Austria, Italy, Spain, and Japan were forced to disband, it was able to bounce back and rebuild its strength when hostilities ceased in 1945. The word “service” has always been at the forefront of Rotary Club efforts, and beginning in 1979 the organization took on the mission of eradicating polio in the world – and in such a capacity it has succeeded in all but three countries. The organization took its name originally from the fact meetings were “rotated” amongst the various business locations of the members, creating a geographical rotation that is no longer in effect today. The organization has become so famous even an asteroid has been named after its founder.

The object of the Rotary Club seeks to promote the ideal of service and worldwide brotherhood in four basic ways:

  • FIRST: The development of acquaintance as an opportunity for service;
  • SECOND: High ethical standards in business and professions; the recognition of the worthiness of all useful occupations; and the dignifying of each Rotarian’s occupation as an opportunity to serve society;
  • THIRD: The application of the ideal of service in each Rotarian’s personal, business, and community life;
  • FOURTH: The advancement of international understanding, goodwill, and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional persons united in the ideal of service.

Members are encouraged “to find ways to improve the quality of life for people in their communities and to serve the public interest.”  These efforts are not limited to the local community or country, but instead reach out to the international community as well – for the promotion of peace and mutual understanding amongst the variety of cultures that make up the world as we know it. Overall, the organization breaks its dedication to service into five avenues of service: service to the club itself, vocational service to the local work community, service to the welfare of community in general, international service, and the dedication to youth programs that empower and promote young professionals.


A Rotary Service Project in Port Arthur, Australia
Photo credit: vk2gwk – Henk T / Foter / CC BY-NC

The Rotary’s involvement in the promotion of world peace is notable, including an international campaign to raise $125 million for the support of worldwide Rotary Peace Centers. As part of this program, each year up to 100 Rotary Peace Fellows are chosen to participate in either a master’s degree or certificate program at one of six universities located in the United States, Thailand, Japan, Great Britain, Australia, and Sweden. The master degree program offers intensive study (15 – 24 months) in peacebuilding and conflict resolution at 5 different universities, whereas the studies for a professional development certificate take place over a 3 month period of time at Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand. The fellowships “cover tuition and fees, room and board, round-trip transportation, and all internship/field study expenses.” Applications for a fellowship are available to the public for download.

The concept of service is indeed a crucial element to the promotion of world peace and the elimination of transnational violence.  At the root of this need is the fact that each of us is called to be “global citizens” – and the call to be peacebuilders should be our obligation, rather than a superhuman quality ascribed to a special few.  Betty Williams, a 1976 recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, has gone so far as to say peace should no longer be “glorified,” but instead become a daily focus of everyday life. “We could sit all day here and glorify it, but it’s not a thing that should be glorified,” she has postulated. “It’s a thing that should be done in reality, every single day of our lives.” The Rotary Club International should be commended for making this reality a part of the worldwide business community. Please add your voice to the cause for world peace by signing the petition to which this web site is dedicated. It only takes about 5 minutes of your time.

You can help promote the establishment of a monument dedicated to all American victims of terrorism, whether they died at home or abroad, by clicking the link above and signing the petition. Nothing is asked but your signature for a good cause. 

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